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Home  >  Digital Archives  >  People of the North  >  Heroes and Scoundrels
Lee Hing, or "China Joe"  -  Related Materials
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Visit the library for more information:

Alaska's libraries include audio, visual, and written material about China Joe and the Wrangell and Juneau of his era. You may be interested in learning more about the hardships and prejudices faced by Chinese immigrants to the United States. Visit your local library or go online to see what's available in holdings all over the state. Take these simple steps:

  1. Access SLED (State Library Electronic Doorway) at
  2. Click on the listing for ALNCat (the Alaska Library Network Catalog) to view the Basic Search window.
    Go to the Keyword field, and type in CHINA JOE. Also try WRANGELL or JUNEAU GOLD RUSH to learn more about early life in these frontier communities. To research the plight of Chinese immigrants in U.S. and Alaska history, type CHINESE LABOR in the Keyword field.

Other Reading:

Guimary, Donald and Jack Masson, "The Exploitation of Chinese Labor in the Alaska Salmon Industry," Chinese America: History and Perspectives (1990):91-106. Role of Chinese immigrants in the salmon industry.

Gyory, Andrew and Stanford M. Lyman, "An Exchange: Organized Labor and Chinese Immigration," New Politics 29 (2000):151-167. Contrasting interpretations of attitudes of early American unions toward Chinese immigrant workers.

Hyphen magazine, Summer 2005 issue, "Lonesome Land: When the Chinese were forced out of Alaska China Joe was the only one left," by I-Chun Che. For more information, see:

Download Documents

(518 KB)
Lee Hing

NOTE: Many of the documents are in PDF format and require Adobe Acrobat Reader for viewing. Acrobat Reader software may be downloaded for free from Adobe Systems, Inc.
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